Wooden pallets are use widely in many types of business. They provide a simple, affordable and reliable way to hold items so that they can be easily loaded and transported. Wooden pallets are often mass-produced on industrial chains in large quantities at wood factories.

Pine wooden pallets

The production process of wooden pallets is generally divided into 4 steps:

Step 1: Choose material
Wooden pallets tend to be made from core-based trees and consist of a combination of hard and soft woods. Acacia and pine are 2 types of wood that suitable for making wooden pallet.

Acacia is favored because it is a very strong wood that will grow just about anywhere. While strong and tough, oak is also common enough that it remains cheap and easily available in spite of its impressive strength and resilience.

Pine is used in pallets because it is also widely available, and the addition of a soft wood to the lumber mix leads to pallets with a more consistent weight than when using hard woods alone. The goal is to produce a pallet with a high strength to weight ratio – as strong and light as possible.
Another reason for including softwoods is because they are more resistant to fungus and bacteria than their hardwood counterparts, due to their faster drying time. If your pallets are going to be exposed to the elements for extended periods of time, you want to know that they won’t go moldy or deteriorate.

Step 2: Drying wood
After being transported to the manufacturer’s warehouse, the raw wood will be dried by a kiln until the standard moisture content (17-18%) is reached.

Step 3: Sized and trimm
After drying, wood are trimmed to the proper length, ripped into boards, and then sawn into the proper-sized deck boards and stringers for whatever types of pallet is needed.
Next, notches can be cut into stringers to allow 4-way entry with forklifts or 2-way entry with pallet jacks. If the pallet will be used for international shipping or in sanitary applications, the wood may be treated prior to assembly.

Step 4: Construc the components
Finally, it’s time to put the pieces together. This can be done by hand with pneumatic nailers and staplers (for small orders—typically less than 200 units) or, more commonly, by automated machines that can nail together and produce pallets at high volumes.

That is one of the common ways in which wooden pallets can be created. Envipak pallets can follow a different process, obviously as they are custom-made to your specific requirements and dimensions. Therefore a lot more details and specific processes will have to take place in order to create your bespoke product.

Hopefully that has now clearly and simply answered the question how wooden pallets made.