Wooden pallets are flat wooden platforms onto which anyone can load and secure goods.
There are many types of wooden pallet that come in many different sizes and configurations there are two main broad categories that all pallets inevitably fall into: Stringer pallets and block pallets.

Stringer pallet (2-way pallet)

Envipak Stringer Pallet

The so called stringer pallet design is named after the three or more parallel pieces of timber (called stringers) that make up the frame.

The top deckboards are then attached to these parallel stringers to create the familiar wooden pallet structure.

There are two common configurations of the stringer pallet design, which reference the number of forklift entry options available:

The two-way stringer pallet and the four-way stringer pallet.

The two-way is the default of all stringer pallets however a notch can be cut into them converting them into a four-way which allows forklift entry from four sides.

A stringer four-way is not to be confused with a block pallet which can also be known as a four-way pallet.

Another factor to be aware of is that two-way or stringer pallets are designed to be lifted by their deckboards.

Block pallet (4-way pallet)

Envipak Block pallet

The other major wooden pallet design are known as block pallets.

Block pallets are normally stronger than their stringer alternative.

They are constructed using both parallel and perpendicular stringers to better facilitate handling. Quite often a block pallet will also be known as a four-way pallet.

Due to the additional stringer boards more timber is required in construction which makes them more durable but for a greater cost than the two way alternative.

In contrast to two-way pallets, four way pallets are designed to be lifted by their more rigid stringers instead of the deckboards. This is advised they are usually bigger and heavier than their two-way cousins.